Modular, prefabricated and industrialized construction are three different types of construction techniques that can be used together or separately.
Modular construction consists of manufacturing the components of a building in a workshop or factory to transport them individually and to be able to assemble the building or construction on site by assembling the components.
Precast building systems consist of duplicate complete assemblies that are manufactured off-site, transported as a whole before being assembled or installed in their final location.
Industrialized buildings are constructions in which components are manufactured separately on site, and assembled on site, using standard size parts manufactured using industrial production methods to increase productivity and reduce waste and the waste.
Modular construction is a construction method that uses prefabricated units or modules. They are built outside the facilities, using the same materials and with the same specifications as in conventional construction.
Modular construction can be used for homes, commercial buildings, and industrial facilities by following these steps and characteristics of modular construction:
1- In modular construction, the individual modules of a building are built outside the facilities, using the same materials and with the same specifications as in conventional construction.
In modular construction, the individual modules of a building are built off site, using the same materials and to the same specifications as in conventional construction. However, these modules have been specifically designed to make it easy to transport and assemble on site.
Modular buildings are similar to conventional ones, but are built in factories or workshops before being transported to their final destination. This means you can save money by reducing waste on site and improving safety standards during installation. It also means there are fewer delays due to weather or terrain conditions affecting construction.
2- The modules are built in a climate-controlled environment, which minimizes the impact of weather conditions on quality and deadlines
Modular construction is an alternative to conventional construction. Conventional construction consists of building a structure in situ from the foundations, delivering all the materials directly to the site.
Modular construction is a type of prefabrication, which means that the parts or modules of a building are built separately in a controlled environment before being assembled on site. Modular construction is best suited for large projects and can help reduce costs, increase quality, and shorten lead times.
In addition to its economic advantages, modular construction offers several environmental advantages over traditional methods.
3- Once completed, the modules are transported to the site and placed on the foundations
Once the modules are finished, they are transported by truck or train to the site. They are then placed on their foundations with a crane. Once in place, all the modules connect together to form a single building.
4- Once placed, the modules are connected to each other to form a single building
Once in place, the modules connect together to form a single building using one of the following methods:
- Connections are made with bolts and screws.
- Connections can be made with glue or fasteners.
- Connections can be made with the help of a crane.
- Joints can be made by hand with the help of a hammer.
Prefabricated construction is a construction method that consists in erecting a building outside the site and transporting it to the place where it is going to be erected. Building components are manufactured in a factory and then transported to the construction site.
The main advantage of prefabrication is that it reduces on-site labor, minimizes traffic congestion during construction, offers greater design flexibility, reduces noise pollution and improves quality control of construction materials.
Prefabrication also allows projects to be completed more quickly, since most of the necessary parts do not have to be manufactured on site, but can be manufactured in advance in other places, where they can be assembled in a short time by skilled workers with less supervision.
Next we expose the steps or characteristics of the prefabricated construction:
1- Precast building systems consist of duplicate assemblies that are manufactured off-site before being installed in their final location
Prefabricated building systems consist of duplicate assemblies that are manufactured off-site prior to assembly or installation at their final location. They can include entire sections with walls, floors, ceilings, doors, windows, and/or entire room sections.
A prefabricated building system can be a modular or industrialized system. Modular construction is an assembly technique in which all parts of a structure are built in a controlled environment (usually indoors) before being transported to their final location for installation. Industrialized construction is a manufacturing process in which parts of a structure are produced in individual work cells and then assembled into larger units before being shipped as complete units to the project site.
2- Next, these components can be transported to the site, where they are installed directly by workers, normally with the help of cranes, as they are large elements
The prefabricated construction, by bringing the pieces that make up a structure already assembled, are transported to the construction site, where they no longer need to be assembled by the workers, they are simply installed in their final location using cranes. Prefab buildings are often built in factories and then delivered to their final destination by trucks or special vehicles.
These types of buildings usually present advantages in terms of execution time and cost, since factory or workshop manufacturing tends to have fewer delays than on-site, in which many factors, such as adverse weather conditions , may prevent compliance with the agreed deadlines.
The industrialized construction uses standard size parts made using industrial production methods. It also uses business tools such as robotics and computer numerical control (CNC) machines, which help increase productivity while reducing waste and waste.
For example, an industrialized construction contractor may use a crane to lift trusses into place instead of hauling trusses one by one by hand. In addition, the same crane could be used to lift large panels (for example, walls) or other materials needed during construction instead of having workers manually move them around the site.
Characteristics of industrialized construction:
1- Industrialized construction is similar to prefabricated construction, since it consists of assembling the pieces in a factory before taking them to the site for installation. However, industrialized construction goes a step further by using standard size parts that are built using industrial production methods
Industrialized construction is similar to prefabricated in that it consists of assembling parts in a factory before taking them to the job site for installation. However, industrialized construction goes one step further by using standard size parts made using industrial production methods.
In industrialized construction, all the components of the new construction arrive at the destination as a unit and are then assembled on site.
2- It also uses commercial tools such as robotics and computer numerical control machines (CNC) that help increase productivity while reducing waste and waste
It also uses business tools such as robotics and Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines that help increase productivity while reducing waste and waste.
Industrialized construction is designed to be faster, more efficient, sustainable, and less labor intensive than traditional construction methods.
The modular approach allows the use of prefabricated components that are assembled on the project site rather than in a factory.