Industrialized construction is based on the use of industrial processes and equipment in the construction of buildings. Industrialized construction is used to build houses, factories, schools, hospitals, offices and other structures more quickly and almost massively.
It was first introduced as a way to rapidly build affordable houses in large numbers during World War IIusing prefabricated steel panels and later expanded into a large-scale production method for houses. residences in the 1950s.
What is industrialized construction
Industrialized construction is the process of building a house or other structure using a series of prefabricated modules that are assembled on site.
Modular construction was first developed in Europe after World War II, when governments tried to increase the supply of housing. In industrialized countries, this trend has continued into the 21st century as an alternative to traditional methods of on-site construction.
Industrialized construction of houses
Industrialized construction is a building method that uses industrial materials and methods to build structures faster, more efficiently and with less waste than conventional construction techniques allow, and one of its most habitual in the construction of houses or dwellings in a massive way.
Industrialized construction has been used successfully in other industries for decades, but has only recently begun to be applied to homes and businesses as well. The industrialized construction of housing uses the same principles that have made industrialization effective in other fields: standardization and automation of tasks without sacrificing quality or performance standards.
Industrialized prefabricated modular construction
Prefabricated modular industrialized construction is a construction method that allows entire buildings to be built in a factory. A prefabricated modular industrialized construction site includes a facility that allows the production of prefabricated sections, which are then transported to their final destination and assembled on site. Being prefabricated, these sections can be built more quickly than conventional methods require, which can save time and money during the construction phase of a project.
Systems and types of industrialized construction
Industrialized construction systems are systems used to build buildings. Among them are industrialized housing construction, prefabricated modular industrialized construction, and prefabricated panel industrialized construction.
There are different types of industrialized construction:
- Industrialized housing construction
- Prefabricated modular industrialized construction
Industrialized construction is a general term for the use of specialized machinery and equipment to manufacture large buildings and other structures at high speed.
Advantages and disadvantages of industrialized construction
Advantages of industrialized construction in houses
Industrialized construction has many advantages over traditional construction methods. The cost savings, time savings, quality, diversity and flexibility are just some of the benefits of industrialized construction.
Safety is also enhanced by reduced worker injuries and energy efficiency as a result of using fewer materials than traditional construction techniques.
In addition to the cost and time savings of using industrialized construction techniques, this method also has an environmental impact. Some examples are the reduction of emissions derived from transport costs, as well as harmful chemical emissions derived from the use of materials during traditional construction processes (Greenfield).
Speed. Being prefabricated, these sections can be built more quickly than conventional methods require, which can save time and money during the construction phase of a project.
Finally, this technique or method of construction is capable of reducing labor costs, by reducing the number of personnel required on a site.
Disadvantages or drawbacks of industrialized construction in houses
However, industrialization has some drawbacks.
You can limit creativity in design options, as structures must be designed for efficient manufacturing.
There can be quality control concerns when prefabricated modules are mass-produced (especially if contractors don’t perform thorough inspections).
There are also financial drawbacks to consider before deciding if this type of development is right for you. On the one hand, if you are a small business owner trying to get started, industrialized construction may not be profitable because it requires specialized equipment that only large companies tend to possess.
Second, as industrialization uses prefabricated components instead of traditional materials like brick or wooden beams (which require skillful craftsmanship), quality control becomes an issue: it’s easy for something like the finishes of drywall (the material used on interior walls) made by machines rather than by people who know how to apply it correctly may fall short in terms of sturdiness or aesthetic appeal.
The future of industrialized housing construction
Industrialized construction is an important part of the future of housing. It offers a series of advantages for both owners and developers, such as cost savings, acceleration of execution times and increased safety for workers.
Although some may be concerned about the quality or aesthetics of modular homes, research has shown that many people prefer them to traditionally built homes. With the best technology available today, industrialization looks set to continue to grow, and could soon become mainstream.
On the other hand, a lot of personalization of the home is lost, as if it happens in the construction of a luxury villa like the ones carried out by Site And Field, in which the client actively participates in its design, something unthinkable in industrialized construction.