types of concrete beams

▷ Types of construction beams according to use and materials

Building construction is an important and complex task, involving the selection of the best construction materials and the proper use of engineering techniques. One of the key components of any building is the beams.

The beams are used to support the weight of the upper floor and to distribute that weight evenly on walls and columns. Below we will see the different types of construction beams according to the materials used and then according to the use for which they will function in the construction of buildings.

Wooden Beams

Wooden beams are one of the oldest and most common building materials used in building construction. Wood is easy to obtain, it is sustainable and it is a very resistant material.

One of the main advantages of wooden beams is that they are easy to work with, allowing builders to create different shapes and sizes of beams depending on what is needed.

However, one of the biggest drawbacks of wooden beams is their thickness. Thick wood beams can be very heavy, which can make them difficult to install and transport. Additionally, wood is susceptible to rot and insect infestation, so it will require regular maintenance and care.

types of concrete beams in construction

Steel Beams

Steel beams are one of the most common construction materials used in building construction. Steel is a very strong and durable material, making it an excellent choice for beams.

Steel beams are also very flexible, meaning they can withstand very heavy loads without deforming.

One of the main advantages of steel beams is their load-bearing power. Steel beams can support a heavier load than wood beams of equivalent size. Additionally, modern manufacturing processes allow steel beams to be very precise, meaning that installation can be carried out with great precision and speed.

Concrete Beams

Concrete beams are another common construction material used in building construction. Concrete is a strong and durable material that can be used to make beams of any size and shape.

Concrete beams are also very resistant to fire and atmospheric agents, making them perfect for supporting structures in extremely hot or cold climates.

Unlike other building materials, concrete beams are water resistant, making them ideal for use in climates where there is high humidity. Additionally, concrete beams are highly resistant to wear and extreme environmental conditions, meaning they will last a long time with very little maintenance.

Composite Beams

Composite beams are a combination of different materials, such as steel and concrete. These beams combine the strength of steel with the durability of concrete, resulting in a beam that can support a heavier load than normal steel or concrete beams.

One of the main advantages of composite beams is that their weight is much less than that of normal steel or concrete beams. This makes them easier to transport and install, which can save a significant amount of time and money in construction.

Beams are one of the most important components of buildings, as they are responsible for supporting the weight of a structure. There are several types of building beams and materials available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. When selecting the right material for a beam, it is important to consider the climate, budget, and strength required to select the right material for your use. Combined with good construction technique, the right beams can make a strong, safe and long-lasting structure.

types of beams in construction

Types of beams according to their use in construction

Now let’s look at the types of beams according to their use in construction:

Loading beams or main beams:

These beams are responsible for supporting the weight of the roof, floors and any other structural element that is above them.

They are the strongest and most resistant beams in a structure, depending on the types of structures under construction, and are used to distribute the load towards the columns and walls.

Edge beams:

These beams are placed at the outer edges of a building and are essential for supporting the load of the roof and exterior walls.

Its function is to provide additional stability and strength to the structure.

Support beams:

These beams are used to support heavier loads at specific points, such as walls or columns that require additional reinforcement.

They are strategically placed to redistribute the load efficiently and reduce stress points in the structure.

Transition beams:

These beams are used to transfer the load from one type of structure to another, such as from a column to a wall or from a wall to a main beam.

They are crucial to ensure a smooth and effective transition of load at different points of the structure.

Mezzanine beams:

These beams are used in the construction of intermediate floors or mezzanines. Its main function is to support the load of the upper floor and distribute it to the main beams and perimeter walls.

They allow uniform weight distribution and prevent deformation and shifting on the floor.

types of concrete beams bridges

Bridge beams:

These beams are used in bridge construction to support the weight of the bridge slab and transmit it to the pillars and foundations.

They are designed to resist heavier loads and constant tensions, providing a resistant and safe structure for vehicular traffic.

These are some of the most common types of beams based on their use in construction. Each type of beam plays an important role in the stability and strength of a structure, so it is crucial to correctly select and size each one according to the specific requirements of the project.